Rape (Brassica napus) is a member of the Brassica family and "a new kid on the block" in deer management in the U.S. Brassicas include cabbage, cauliflower, canola, kale, rape, radish, turnip, rutabaga, and swede
Wild grapes (Vitis spp.) are native to the U.S. and found in the wild in all corners except some of the Rocky Mountain states
Grown practically everywhere in the U.S., wheat (Triticum aestivum) is one of the most valuable wildlife plants in the nation
Wild Pear (Pyrus communis) is not a native American tree but has been widely introduced.
The sawtooth oak (Quercus acutissima) is in the red oak family. Native to Asia, it is noted for its fast growth (two feet per year) and early acorn production.
Timothy (Phleum pratense) is a perennial cool season grass that is relatively late flowering and best adapted to cool, humid climates.